Concluding words

Revelation 22. The final words of the Jesus, the angel, John and the Bride.


And he said to me, “These words are trustworthy and true. And the Lord God of the spirits of the prophets has sent his angel to show his servants what must take place with speed. And behold, I am coming soon. Blessed is he who keeps the words of the prophecy of this book.”

As in the first chapter, the identity of the speaker is not stated, but “I am coming soon” indicates it is Jesus himself. The message is urgent and will be repeated two more times. The certainty of its happening, hitherto symbolised by the reaper with the sharp sickle and the warrior on a white horse, is stated in plain words: there is no scope for evasion.

‘Faithful’ and ‘trustworthy’ translate the same word, pistos. Combined with ‘true’, it appears twice in relation to Jesus himself (3:14, 19:11) and twice in relation to the words that he speaks and John writes down (21:5, 22:6). The living and the written Word are equally trustworthy. This needs stressing, because the mind, conditioned as it is to the natural and every-day, finds the content of Revelation difficult to stomach. Will the earth and man’s works on it really be burned up? Will demons really torment men for five months? Will he really reign in Jerusalem, in his own person? The speaker reiterates what John stated at the beginning (1:1-3), adding that God speaks through the prophets as Lord of their spirits – John included, whose opening words Jesus repeats in his own voice. Elsewhere he is called ‘the God of the spirits of all flesh’ (Num 16:22), the source of the life that animates every living creature (Job 12:10, 34:14). The prophetic message is that which has been revealed in the book, in its carefully chosen words.

I, John, am the one who heard and saw these things. And having heard and seen, I fell down to worship at the feet of the angel who showed them to me. And he says to me, “Do not do that. I am a fellow servant with you and your brothers the prophets, and with those who keep the words of this book. Worship God.”
And he says to me, “Do not seal the words of the prophecy of this book. The time is near. Let the wrongdoer still do wrong, and the filthy still be filthy, and the righteous still do right, and the holy still be holy.”

The apostle vouches for what he heard and saw. Because of the wondrous things revealed since last speaking with his guide, he is again moved to prostrate himself, and again he is rebuked. Angels, prophets and those who live in keeping with the prophecy have the same status. We should worship him who made heaven and earth.

Angels appear in the Apocalypse more than in any other book, giving us insight into the unseen. They perform the Father’s will, and they do not sin. God could have created a world inhabited only by angels, for sinlessness is not incompatible with free will – the freedom to choose evil. But he chose to create an earth as well as a heaven, a world inhabited by man, initially just one couple. Man knew neither good nor evil, and knew nothing of worship. Satan, having free access to the garden of God, was the first being to transgress, tempted by the opportunity to interpose himself between God and man. He succumbed to temptation in the very act of tempting a creature who did not know what sin was.

And what was the message that man listened to? “You can be like your Maker, even if you do not obey him.” God had set before him just one prohibition, devoid of moral content except that he had said it. ‘I was once alive apart from the law, but when the commandment came, sin came, and I died.’ Sin consisted in not acting in accordance with God’s words and listening to another’s voice. Man got to know the difference between good and evil by knowing evil (Gen 3:22). Since he was now excluded from God’s presence, he could only learn what good was by resisting evil (Gen 4:7).

Initially there was no separation between earth and heaven, and no underworld. After man’s transgression, God continued to live on earth – there could be no kings, therefore – but his sanctuary was closed off. Angels, being his sons, had spiritual bodies made in his likeness, just as human beings had physical bodies. Women conceived children by them, and men became increasingly violent. Instead of resisting evil, they succumbed to it. So there came a point when the earth was corrupt beyond saving, and God destroyed it. Only then did he withdraw to heaven. What remained of the first world was subducted into the now molten mantle, which thereby became the underworld, Abaddon or Tartarus.

Israel was another Garden of the Lord, and there on the renewed earth he again made his dwelling, at Jerusalem. In 592 BC he quit the Temple, ascending to heaven from the Mount of Olives (Ezek 11:23). When he finally returns to reclaim the earth, he will come back with angels and saints together. The saints will be indistinguishable from the angels, living among human beings that continue to be flesh and blood.
“Those who are counted worthy to attain that age and the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage; nor can they die anymore, for they are equal to angels and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection.” (Luke 20:34-36)

They will no longer be male and female (Gal 3:28), because there will be no more reproduction. The female will be in the male, one body, just as male and female, both, are in the image of God (Rev 1:13), and God is ‘he’, not ‘she’. We shall be like the firstborn Son himself (I John 3:2f), even in his glory (II Thes 2:14). In a sense not envisaged by the Serpent, we shall be like God. We shall know God fully and cease to know evil. Meanwhile, in this mortal body we seek to be like him now, doing what is good and abhorring evil, growing up into him who is the head (Eph 4:13-15).

Christ came down from heaven, in order to raise us up. He divested himself of his glory and for a little while became lower than the angels. Perfected here by suffering, he re-entered heaven on our behalf. So he will lead many sons to glory and not be ashamed to call them brothers, for they will be brothers (Rom 8:18f, Heb 2:10f, 2:17, Matt 25:40, 28:10, Luke 8:21, John 20:17). That is the significance of our being called ‘sons of God’. Together with the angels, we shall be ‘heirs of God, joint heirs with Christ, if indeed we suffer jointly, so that we may also be glorified jointly’ (Rom 8:17). Just as Father and Son are one, we shall be one in them (John 17:21f).
‘The sufferings of the present time are not to be compared with the glory that is to be revealed for us’ (Rom 8:18, II Cor 4:17). But glorification is a subsequent stage, awaiting the new heaven and earth:
For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his son, that he might be the firstborn among many brothers. Those whom he predestined he also called, and those whom he called he also justified; those whom he justified he also glorified. (Rom 8:29-30)

The past tense signifies the certainty of fulfilment. It is on the new earth that “the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their father” (Matt 13:43), like the stars’ (Dan 12:3, Gen 15:5). The kingdom of the Father comes after the kingdom of the Son (I Cor 15:24). In the meantime, Revelation opens up what in the books of Daniel (12:4) and Isaiah (29:11) was once under seal. Until the predestined end, events must take their course (Dan 12:9f), for the darnel will continue to grow alongside the wheat. Man will continue to be defined by his moral nature.

“Behold, I am coming soon, and my wages with me, to pay to each as his work deserves – I, the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end.” Blessed are those who do as he commands, so that they will have the right to the tree of life and may enter the city by the gates. Outside are the dogs, and the drug-dealers, and the fornicators, and the murderers, and the idolaters, and everyone who loves and practises falsehood.
Like the Lord God (1:8), Jesus is the beginning and the end. ‘For from him and through him and to him are all things.’ He knitted our bones and sinews together in the womb, and he will receive us when we rise. Zion is told to announce to the cities of Judah, “Behold your God!”
Behold, Yahweh, the Lord, comes with a strong hand,
     his arm ruling for him.
Behold, his wages are with him
     and his reward in front of him.
He will tend his flock like a shepherd;
     he will gather the lambs with his arm. (Isa 40:10f)

As the Bible closes, this is the message he chooses to emphasise – a summary of what he taught at the beginning of the gospel. There is a reward for those who fear him and serve him (11:18). In the age to come there will be a blessing for those who act on his commandments (poiountes tas entolas autou); they will have the right to enter the holy city Jerusalem by the gates and share in its benefits; the sanctuary of his presence will not be closed off. (The alternative reading, plunontes tas stolas autωn, ‘who wash their robes,’ is a copyist’s correction, based on 7:14.) The word entole, command or commandment, does not refer solely to the decalogue, as Paul’s letter to the Romans makes plain, but whoever loves his neighbour fulfils the Law. Those who break the Law, whether by flagrant acts of wickedness or by habitual dishonesty, are and will be excluded. Their fate is to be burned in the lake of fire outside the city. ‘Dogs’ at the head of the list epitomises the types that follow (Phil 3:2); more narrowly, it stands for homosexual prostitutes (Deut 23:18).

“I, Jesus, have sent my angel to testify to you about these things to the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, the bright morning star.”

We are reminded that the Root of David has conquered (5:5), the Son of David whom David acknowledged as his lord (Matt 22:42), the first Adam and the last. Like the morning star, he has risen from the womb of death’s darkness, and at sunrise we shall follow, leaping from the stall like calves. Let every believer hear what the Spirit is saying to the churches.

And the Spirit and the Bride say, “Come.” And let whoever hears say, “Come.” And let whoever is thirsty come. Whoever desires, let him take the water of life without charge.
The Spirit and the Bride are one, using language that Laodicea in the 21st century can relate to (‘wages’, ‘reward’, ‘without charge’). They invite the reader attentive to their voice to join them, and say, “Come, Lord Jesus – come into my heart.”
Seek the LORD while he may be found;
     call upon him while he is near.
I testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone should add to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book. And if anyone should take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city which are described in this book.

Like the earlier blessing, this solemn warning – adapted from Deuteronomy 4:2 and Proverbs 30:6, and directed, surely, towards teachers, translators and theologians – is a measure of the importance of the revelation. Why does the Church pay the book so little heed and not consider the words trustworthy? Why is she so unconcerned about the ending? Meanwhile those who suffer for the Name cry, “How much longer?”

He who testifies of these things says, “Yes. I am coming soon.” Amen. Come, Lord Jesus!
‘Amen’ occurs by way of agreement seven times in the prophecy, as does the message that he is coming speedily. The Song of Solomon ends on the same note, the bride’s cry of longing.
The voice of my beloved!
     Behold, he comes,
leaping over the mountains,
     bounding over the hills. …

Make haste, my beloved, and be like a gazelle
     or a young stag on the mountains of spices.

The grace of the Lord Jesus be with all the saints.